In detail, what is Acne?
Acne is a skin condition that appears mainly on the face, chest and back. You'll recognise it by the "spots" it causes on your skin. Mild to moderate acne produces small blackheads or whiteheads, while severe acne has larger inflammations containing fluid, like pustules and cysts. These can be painful, and severe cases can lead to permanent scars.
Chronic acne can control your life. It not only makes you feel physically uncomfortable; it also creates a lot of social discomfort and self-consciousness. Most people try various treatments and settle on one that manages the symptoms best, but remain on the lookout for ever more effective solutions.
Different grades of acne
Acne usually develops on the face, back or chest.
What triggers Acne?
The skin is naturally covered with a thin layer of acidic mantle, which acts as a barrier against pathologic micro-infections. So anything that disturbs this pH-balance can contribute towards acne forming.
Acne occurs when your skin's pores are clogged with a combination of oil called sebum and dead skin cells, which attract bacteria that feed on this mixture. The severity of the acne is related to the bacterial inflammation, which in turn is determined by bacteria growth factors like toxins and allergens.
Changes in hormonal levels often set off acne outbreaks, especially during puberty, pregnancy and the menstrual cycle. Having a high proportion of body fat is also associated with the condition.
Stress is another well-known trigger, as are certain medicines like some antibiotics. Cosmetics can lead to acne outbreaks by clogging the pores. Soaps that are too rough, and scrubbing your skin excessively can contribute to acne through skin irritation and drying out your skin. Dry skin will produce even more sebum than before to protect against water loss. This can cause further worsening of acne symptoms.
Environmental factors can trigger outbreaks of acne too. Getting dirty or dusty, being exposed to air pollution and sweating, all have clogging effects on the pores in the skin.
Diet is also an important factor: unhealthy eating habits can cause acne to break out.
Who has Acne
While acne is most closely associated with puberty, it is the world's most common skin condition, not restricted to teenagers. Acne will affect around 85% of people at some point in their lives, and a fifth of all adults suffer from acne outbreaks.
Acne typically starts in puberty, becoming worse during adolescence. Most acne outbreaks occur between puberty and the age of 30.
How to treat Acne
There are many different kinds of acne treatment. The choice of treatment depends on the severity of the condition. In mild and moderate cases patients can use over-the-counter products, while in more serious cases prescription medication may be required.
- Cosmetic cleansers and creams that help lower sebum production and help reduce skin oiliness
- Topical over-the-counter creams and gels that help kill or reduce bacteria colonisation
- Birth control pills and other medicines that regulate the hormones
- Drainage and extraction of large acne cysts by a dermatologist
Tips and avice
There is not yet a way to completely prevent acne, but following these tips can help reduce the number and severity of outbreaks:
Wash your skin regularly, especially after exercising, as sweat clogs your pores. Don’t overdo it, however. Too much washing can dry out the skin and worsen existing acne. As a general rule, wash your face gently twice a day, using a low-pH cleanser designed for acne-prone skin. Remember that all these actions should not be overdone as too harsh cleansing can affect your skin's protective layer, making it vulnerable to an acne outbreak.
Make-up and lotions
If you use these products, choose ones that won't block the pores. Look for non-comedogenic products. Clogging of the pores is a major contributor to acne.
Things to avoid
- Popping or squeezing pimples can push pus deeper into the skin, leading to more swelling, inflammation and even permanent scars.
- Many hairsprays and gels contain oil. Oily substances aggravate acne, so it’s better to use hair products that are water-based.
- Tight clothes can chafe and irritate acne on the back and chest.
Dermalex Acne helps reduce acne symptoms by helping to restore the skin's natural balance
Effectively, it acts in four ways:
1. Dermalex Acne creates an acidic film on the skin’s surface, providing an environment that is not suitable for the growth and multiplication of acne causing bacteria.
2. It helps to reduce sebum production, thus helping to reduce the oiliness of the skin.
3. It moisturises the skin, without making the skin greasy.
Dermalex Acne targets helps reduce symptoms in a way that is both effective and gentle.
Dermalex Acne helps to unclog the pores, allowing for other ingredients to enter the hair follicle. Dermalex helps to balance the pH and help prevent the overproduction of sebum in the skin. All of these functions assist in reducing the severity and frequency of acne outbreaks.
The Dermalex Acne products contain ingredients with hydrating, soothing, calming, clarifying and anti-shine properties. It helps relieve symptoms like reddening, itching, burning and peeling.
It is safe for long-term use. It is also suitable to use in the sun.
Application of Dermalex Acne has shown the following results after 4 weeks 
- 86% reduction in redness 
- 76 % reduction of scaling 
- 52 % reduction in papules 1
1. Cunliffe, W.J. and D.J. Gould, Prevalence of facial acne vulgaris in late adolescence and in adults. Br Med J, 1979. 1(6171): p. 1109-10.
2. Cordain, L., et al., Acne vulgaris: a disease of Western civilization. Arch Dermatol, 2002. 138(12): p. 1584-90.
3. Sparavigna, A., et al., An innovative approach to the topical treatment of acne. Clin Cosmet Investig Dermatol, 2015. 8: p. 179-85.