In detail, what is Rosacea?
Rosacea means ‘red as a rose’. It is a chronic condition characterized by inflammation of the skin on the face, causing reddening and flushing. Rosacea sufferers have good days and bad days, given that flare-ups are erratic.
If left untreated, rosacea can worsen. Medical science distinguishes 4 stages of rosacea:
- The first is known as couperose, where small red veins appear on the face. During this stage redness is usually intermittent.
- The second stage is when the redness persists on the forehead, nose, cheeks or chin.
- In the third stage small red bumps appear on the face, along with thin red lines caused by small dilated blood vessels.
- The fourth stage causes permanent bumps and eventually thickened skin around the nose
- Rosacea can understandably make one feel embarrassed, as it clearly blemishes your face. Many people suffer from this skin affliction in silence, as they’re not aware that the symptoms can be treated successfully.
What triggers Rosacea?
What causes rosacea?
One of the causes of rosacea is a lack of ceramides. These are 'waxy' molecules that help bond skin cells together to form a protective barrier and seal in moisture. When ceramides disappear, the skin becomes dryer and more susceptible to inflammation and infection.
What triggers rosacea?
Once the underlying skin disorder is present, rosacea is mainly triggered by external factors. Therefore, if you are able to avoid these triggers, you should be able to control the condition. It is easier to manage rosacea in this way than it is to manage other skin conditions, like psoriasis or eczema.
Weather conditions are known to be a culprit. If you have rosacea you should try to avoid hot or cold weather extremes
Another trigger can come from your diet. Foods and beverages to avoid include:
- hot drinks and soup
- tea and coffee
- spicy food
- alcohol, especially red wine
Certain medicines – like the ones used to enlarge blood vessels or lower cholesterol – can cause flare-ups. Cosmetics containing alcohol or perfume irritate the skin and aggravate rosacea.
Stress is also a common trigger of rosacea. Additionally, intense workouts in the gym or other excessive exercise overheat the body and increase redness.
Who has Rosacea
Rosacea is a rather common skin condition: 10% of the world's population suffers from it. There is some evidence that a predisposition for rosacea is genetic: if it runs in your family, you’re more likely to get it.
Rocasea is most common among people over 30 who have fair skin. It normally starts around the age of 30 and is more common in people with fair skin, and affects three times more women than men. It rarely affects children .
How to treat Rosacea
Rosacea cannot be cured, but it can be managed successfully. We advise treating rosacea at an early stage - not only to relieve the symptoms, but also to prevent the condition from getting worse.
The first step is to identify the triggers of your rosacea and avoid them. Sun exposure is a common trigger of rosacea, for instance, so daily sun protection for your skin is vital.
The next thing you can do is care for your skin properly, using gentle products for rosacea-prone skin.
The third way to treat rosacea is through the use of topical creams. These primarily reduce the inflammation and redness.
Antibiotics are often prescribed to tackle the inflammation. These can be topical (applied directly to the skin) or taken in pill form. They aren’t without drawbacks, however, as they also eliminate healthy, natural protective microflora.
Laser therapy and cosmetic surgery
Laser therapy reduces the incidence of visible red blood vessels. In severe cases cosmetic surgery may be used to reduce thickening of the nose.
A word on steroid treatments
While steroids (primarily hydrocortisone) can be used temporarily to ease the symptoms of psoriasis and eczema, they should not be used to treat rosacea. In fact, they can aggravate rosacea, as they cause similar effects. They can cause couperose, pustules and reddening of the skin on the face - a condition known as steroid rosacea.
How to prevent rosacea
There’s no fool proof method to prevent yourself from getting rosacea, but you can avoid the things that trigger flare-ups, like spicy food, hot drinks, stress and intense exercise. Make sure to use daily sun protection, as exposure to the sun is one of the main triggers of rosacea.
Rosacea is a dry skin condition, so we strongly advise that you use a moisturizing cream on your face. Avoid cosmetic products that contain alcohol or perfumes, and use soaps and shower gels that don’t dehydrate your skin.
You can use make-up to help cover any patches of persistently red skin. If your condition is more severe, there are corrective camouflage creams with a green tint designed to conceal the red skin. Clean your eyelids regularly if the rosacea is causing them to be inflamed.
As with all skin conditions, a healthy diet, enough sleep and regular gentle exercise can help improve the symptoms of rosacea.
Dermalex Rosacea is a mild, highly effective cream to help relieve rosacea symptoms . It does not contain steroids, which are contraindicated , or antibiotics.
It works through a unique triple action:
1. Helps make the skin more resistant to triggers
The loss of ceramides results in a thinner top layer of the skin (the so-called epidermis). This makes the skin more vulnerable to external irritants that cause flushing. Our product helps protect the skin with an invisible film containing UVA and UVB filters.
2. Helps repair the skin barrier function
The ceramides in the cream help to restore the weakened skin barrier. This is important to prevent further moisture loss and to keep external threats from entering and causing new flare-ups.
3. Helps relieve the symptoms
Dermalex Rosacea helps reduce the redness, irritation and swelling. It moisturises the skin, helping to provide a soothing effect and camouflaging the redness.
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